Associated Press of Great Britain Ltd.
A CITY OF BOMB-SHATTERED BUILDINGS. — Photo shows a view of a Madrid street which shows vividly the destruction which is going on. A wrecked building is seen in foreground; workmen are attempting to clear the street of some of the debris which has fallen from houses shattered by junta bombs.
From our online exhibit: Shots of War
Child’s drawing from the Spanish Civil War
Recto: [Bombardment of the population of Madrid by the fascist airforce]. Verso: Rafael Cerrillo Dobal, Colonia Escolar German Araudo, Alcañiz Teruel Edad 13 años [Rafael Cerrillo Dobal, Student Camp German Araudo, Alcañiz Teruel Age 13 years].
From our online exhibit: They Still Draw Pictures
Izquierda Republicana. Defiende la pequeña propiedad. Pena de muerte al ladrón
[Republican Left. Defend small private property. Death penalty to the thief].Signed: V. Petit Alandi. Junta Municipal. Delegación de Propaganda. Valencia. Lit.: S. Dura, Socializada U.G.T. C.N.T. Valencia. Lithograph, many colors; 160 x 108 cm.
S. Dura, a Valencian lithography firm jointly collectivized by the CNT and the UGT, published this poster for Izquierda Republicana (the Republican Left Party), probably in the summer of 1937. At that time, the Republican Left Party, led by Manuel Azaña, had become frustrated with the problem of theft and joined others in the loyalist zone in calling for more severe punishments against those who stole foodstuffs or disrupted Republican trade. This scene portrays a Valencian peasant or sharecropper holding a Republican flag and sounding an alarm with a giant conch. The figure is essentially a vigilant sentry who has spotted some undesirables (lower right) stealing armfuls of grain. Upon sounding his alarm, other peasants or small landowners (lower left) react violently as they impose their vigilante justice on the thieves. The homes in the far center-left background of the poster are barracas, rustic adobe lodgings common in the province of Valencia.
The political party Izquierda Republicana was formed in the fall of 1934, when Manuel Azaña fused his Acción Republicana with other moderate parties to create a large coalition of like-minded Republicans seeking to regain political power. Izquierda Republicanawas the driving force behind the Popular Front coalition, which included the Socialists and Communists, united to curb the advance of the “fascist” right. The Popular Front was able to slimly defeat the conservative coalition in the national elections of 1936, and Izquierda Republicana secured 106 seats in Parliament, second only to the Socialists.
Theft of agrarian products, among other valuables, was a significant problem at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War, and the problem became worse as the war progressed. The food scarcity was exacerbated by constant warfare, and the rapid advances of the Nationalist army forced soldiers and refugees to help themselves to farmland foods. One Valencian collective sent the following complaint to the Minister of Agriculture on November 29, 1937:
[Soldiers and refugees] take whatever they want, break branches, strip our trees, break into and disturb our plantations, etc. Our nut crop has disappeared at their hands, the same is true of our pomegranates. They take vegetables, olives, yank out potatoes from the earth without letting them mature to a proper age and weight, and the oranges have disappeared from trees. We have an anguishing, exhausting, and frustrating situation on our hands.
Posters like this were one way that the Republican left tried to deal with the thefts.
From our online exhibit: The Visual Front
4 Puntos Basicos para Lograr la Victoria, circa 1936-1939
This broadside, including a few small images, cites the “evacuation of Madrid,” “discipline at the front and in the rearguard,” “militarization of industry,” and “mobilization or military preparation” as the four points for victory.
From our online exhibit: Call to Arms: Communist Ephemera of Madrid During the Spanish Civil War
THOUSANDS FLEE TO SAFETY FROM BLAZING IRUN. — With the few belongings they managed to take with them, strewn on the HENDAYE PLAGE, FRANCE these refugees from IRUN watch the town blazing with its shroud of smoke and gun fire. The kiddies in the foreground are blissfully ignorant of the fact that they are homeless and destitute and spend the time making sand castles on the safe French beach, last night.
Keystone View Company
Accion de doscientos cincuenta pesos de à quince reales de vellon con que se interesa en la Real Compañia de Filipinas … con facultad de cederla y negociarla solamente en vasallos de S.M. y demas prevenido en las reales cedulas de 10 de marzo y 15 de julio de 1785 : Num. ..
Stock certificate for the Real Compañia de Filipinas
BREAD FOR BARCELONA’S STARVING INHABITANTS. — Photo shows the distribution of bread to the starving inhabitants of Barcelona after General Franco’s insurgent troops had entered the town. Thousands of hungry Barcelona inhabitants jammed the streets whenever one of the carts from which the distribution took place appeared, so hungry were they.
Associated Press of Great Britain Ltd.